Title and Copyright Information
 
About This Manual
Audience
New and Changed Features
Organization
Related Documents
Reader's Comments
Conventions
 
1    Overview to Network Administration
1.1    Introduction to Network Administration: Services
1.2    Administrative Methods
1.2.1    SysMan Menu
1.2.1.1    Quick Setup
1.2.1.2    Network Setup Wizard
1.2.1.3    Command-Line Integration
1.2.2    Compaq Insight Manager
1.2.3    Other Interfaces
1.2.4    Manually Editing Configuration Files
1.2.5    Installation and Configuration Cloning
 
2    Domain Name System
2.1    DNS Environment
2.2    Dynamic Updates
2.3    Authentication of Dynamic Updates and Zone Transfers
2.4    Planning DNS
2.4.1    Server
2.4.2    Client
2.5    Configuring DNS
2.5.1    Configuring a Master Server
2.5.1.1    Configuring an IPv6 Master Server
2.5.1.1.1    DNS Configuration Files
2.5.1.1.2    Server Guidelines
2.5.1.2    Enabling Dynamic Updates to the DNS Database
2.5.2    Configuring a Slave Server
2.5.3    Configuring a Caching-Only Server
2.5.4    Configuring a Forward-Only Server
2.5.5    Configuring a Stub Server
2.5.6    Configuring a DNS Client
2.6    Configuring Authentication
2.6.1    Configuring Secure Dynamic Updates
2.6.2    Configuring Secure Zone Transfers
2.6.3    Authentication Example
2.7    Deconfiguring DNS
2.8    Managing DNS Servers and Clients
2.8.1    Modifying the svc.conf File with svcsetup
2.8.2    Updating DNS Data Files on the Master Server
2.8.3    Obtaining Host Name and IP Address Information
2.8.3.1    The nslookup Command
2.8.3.2    NIC whois Service
 
3    Network Information Service
3.1    NIS Environment
3.2    Planning NIS
3.2.1    Verifying That the Additional Networking Services Subset is Installed
3.2.2    Preparing for the Configuration
3.2.2.1    Master Server
3.2.2.2    Slave Server
3.2.2.3    Client
3.3    Configuring NIS
3.3.1    Configuring an NIS Master Server
3.3.2    Configuring a Slave Server
3.3.3    Configuring an NIS Client
3.3.4    Modifying the svc.conf File with svcsetup
3.3.5    Modifying or Removing an NIS Configuration
3.4    Managing an NIS Server
3.4.1    Adding an NIS Slave Server to a Domain
3.4.2    Removing an NIS Slave Server from the Domain
3.4.3    Adding a New User to an NIS Domain
3.4.4    Adding a New Group to an NIS Domain
3.4.5    Updating an NIS Map
3.4.6    Adding an NIS Map to a Domain
3.4.7    Removing an NIS Map from a Domain
3.4.8    Modifying the /var/yp/Makefile File
3.4.8.1    Adding an Entry
3.4.8.2    Deleting an Entry
3.4.9    Restricting Access to NIS Data
3.5    Managing an NIS Client
3.5.1    Changing an NIS Password
3.5.2    Obtaining NIS Map Information
 
4    Network File System
4.1    NFS Environment
4.1.1    Distributing the hosts Database
4.1.2    Automatic Mounting Daemons
4.1.2.1    Serving Automount and AutoFS Maps with NIS
4.1.2.2    Local Automount and AutoFS Maps
4.1.2.3    WebNFS
4.2    Planning NFS
4.2.1    Server
4.2.1.1    Exported Directories
4.2.2    Client
4.2.2.1    Imported Directories
4.3    Configuring NFS
4.3.1    Configuring an NFS Server
4.3.2    Configuring an NFS Client
4.4    Deconfiguring NFS
4.5    Managing an NFS Server
4.5.1    Export Guidelines
4.5.2    Exporting a File System or Directory
4.5.3    Halting Export of a Directory or File System
4.5.4    Enabling Client Superuser Access to Files
4.5.5    Sending Mail to Superuser (root) Across NFS
4.5.6    Enabling Port Monitoring
4.5.7    Monitoring the NFS Load
4.6    Managing an NFS Client
4.6.1    Mounting a Remote File System or Directory
4.6.2    Unmounting a Remote File System or Directory
4.6.3    Automatically Mounting a Remote File System
4.6.3.1    Using Automount to Mount a Remote File System
4.6.3.2    Using AutoFS to Mount a Remote File System
4.6.3.3    Modifying Your AutoFS Configuration
4.6.3.4    Specifying automount and autofsmount Arguments
4.6.3.5    Migrating from Automount to AutoFS
4.6.3.5.1    Recommended Migration Path
4.6.3.5.2    High-Availability Migration Path
 
5    UNIX-to-UNIX Copy Program
5.1    UUCP Environment
5.2    Planning UUCP
5.2.1    Verifying the Correct Hardware
5.2.2    Preparing for the Configuration
5.2.2.1    Information for Connections
5.2.2.2    Information for Outgoing Systems
5.2.2.3    Information for Incoming Systems
5.3    Configuring UUCP
5.3.1    Configuring Connections
5.3.2    Configuring Outgoing Systems
5.3.3    Configuring Incoming Systems
5.3.4    Configuring the Poll File
5.3.5    Configuring the uucico Daemon
5.4    Managing UUCP
5.4.1    Monitoring the File Transfer Queue
5.4.1.1    Getting Queue Status Manually
5.4.1.2    Getting Queue Status Automatically
5.4.1.3    Guidelines for Checking Queue Status
5.4.2    Cleaning Up the Spooling Directories
5.4.2.1    Cleaning Up Directories Manually
5.4.2.2    Cleaning Up Directories Automatically
5.4.2.3    Guidelines for Removing Files
5.4.3    Viewing Log Files
5.4.4    Cleaning Up sulog and cron/log Files
5.4.5    Limiting the Number of Remote Executions
5.4.6    Scheduling Work in the Spooling Directory
5.4.6.1    Starting uusched Manually
5.4.6.2    Starting uusched Automatically
5.4.7    Calling File Transfer Programs (uudemon.hour)
5.4.8    Polling Remote Systems (uudemon.poll)
 
6    Network Time Protocol
6.1    NTP Environment
6.2    Planning NTP
6.2.1    Server Information
6.2.2    Client Information
6.3    Configuring NTP
6.4    Enabling the High-Resolution Clock
6.5    Monitoring Hosts Running the xntpd Daemon
6.6    Querying Servers Running NTP
 
7    Mail System
7.1    Mail Environment
7.1.1    Directing Outgoing Mail to Servers
7.1.2    Handling Incoming Mail to the Domain
7.1.3    Delivering Mail to Clients
7.1.4    Distributing the aliases File
7.1.5    Distributing the passwd File
7.1.6    Handling DECnet Mail
7.2    Planning Mail
7.2.1    Verifying That Required Protocols Are Installed
7.2.2    Verifying That Required Services Are Configured
7.2.3    Preparing for the Configuration
7.2.3.1    General System Information
7.2.3.2    Protocol Information
7.3    Configuring Mail
7.3.1    Configuring a Standalone Mail System
7.3.2    Configuring a Mail Client
7.3.3    Configuring a Mail Server
7.3.4    Adding a New Mail Host
7.4    Post Office Protocol
7.4.1    Installing POP
7.4.2    Migrating to the New POP3 Implementation
7.4.2.1    Migrating from MH POP3
7.4.2.2    Migrating from Qualcomm POP3
7.4.3    Configuring a POP Mail Account
7.4.4    Changing Login Authentication
7.4.5    Administrative Tools
7.4.6    Directory Structure
7.5    Internet Message Access Protocol
7.5.1    Installing IMAP
7.5.2    Upgrading IMAP
7.5.3    Configuring IMAP Mail Accounts
7.5.4    Migrating Users from UNIX and POP3 Mail
7.5.5    Administrative Tools
7.5.6    Directory Structure
7.5.7    Mailbox Namespace
7.5.8    Access Control Lists
7.5.9    Quotas
7.5.10    Partitions
7.6    Managing Mail
7.6.1    Monitoring the Mail Queue
7.6.2    Archiving the Mail Queue
7.6.3    Administering and Distributing Alias Information
7.6.4    Displaying Mail Statistics
7.7    Mail Utilities
 
8    Simple Network Management Protocol
 
9    Solving Network and Network Services Problems
9.1    Using the Diagnostic Map
9.2    Getting Started
9.3    Solving DNS/BIND Server Problems
9.4    Solving DNS/BIND Client Problems
9.5    Solving NIS Server Problems
9.6    Solving NIS Client Problems
9.7    Solving NFS Server Problems
9.8    Solving NFS Client Problems
9.9    Solving AutoFS Problems
9.10    Solving UUCP Problems
9.11    Solving NTP Problems
9.12    Solving sendmail Problems
9.13    Solving POP and IMAP Problems
 
10    Using the Problem Solving Tools
10.1    Testing a UUCP Remote Connection
10.2    Monitoring a UUCP File Transfer
10.3    Viewing the Error Log File
10.4    Viewing the syslogd Daemon Message Files
 
11    Testing DNS Servers
11.1    Glossary
11.2    DNS Server Testing Worksheet
11.3    Starting the DNS Server Test
11.4    Determining the Server Type
11.5    Finding the Target Domain Information
11.6    Testing the Forwarders
11.7    Testing Slave Servers
11.8    Testing Master Servers
11.9    Tracing Information from the Root Name Server
11.10    Resolving Target Data
11.11    Finding the First Nonexistent Domain
 
12    Reporting Network Problems
12.1    Gathering General Information
12.2    Gathering Hardware Architecture Information
12.3    Gathering Software Architecture Information
 
A    Writing Automount and AutoFS Maps
A.1    Map Conventions and Basic Syntax
A.1.1    Master Map
A.1.2    Direct Map
A.1.3    Indirect Map
A.1.4    Special Maps
A.2    Advanced Map Syntax
A.2.1    Substitution and Pattern Matching
A.2.2    Environment Variables
A.2.3    Multiple Mounts
A.2.4    Shared Mounts
A.2.5    Replicated File Systems
A.3    Map Examples
A.4    Understanding Automount and AutoFS Behavior
A.4.1    Mounting Remote File Systems
A.4.2    Inducing Automatic Mounts
 
B    NIS ypservers Update Scripts
B.1    Add Slave Server Script
B.2    Remove Slave Server Script
 
C    NFS Error Messages
C.1    Server Error Messages
C.2    Client Error Messages
C.2.1    Remote Mount Error Messages
C.2.2    Automount Error Messages
C.2.3    AutoFS Error Messages
C.2.3.1    autofsd Messages
C.2.3.2    autofsmount Messages
C.2.4    Console Error Messages
 
D    uucp Messages
D.1    Status and Log File Messages
D.2    tip Error Messages
 
E    sendmail Error Messages
 
F    Host Resources MIB Implementation
F.1    Tru64 UNIX Implementation Summary
F.2    System Group
F.3    Storage Group
F.4    Device Tables
F.5    File System Table
F.6    Running Software Tables
 
G    Format of DNS Data File Entries
G.1    Format of DNS Resource Records
G.2    Description of Data File Entries
G.2.1    Include Entry
G.2.2    Origin Entry
G.2.3    TTL Entry
G.2.4    Address Entry
G.2.5    IPv6 Address Entry
G.2.6    Canonical Name Entry
G.2.7    Host Information Entry
G.2.8    Mailbox Entry
G.2.9    Mail Group Entry
G.2.10    Mailbox Information Entry
G.2.11    Mail Rename Entry
G.2.12    Mail Exchanger Entry
G.2.13    Name Server Entry
G.2.14    Domain Name Pointer Entry
G.2.15    Start of Authority Entry
G.2.16    Location of Services Entry
G.2.17    Well Known Services Entry
 
Examples
2-1    Sample named.keys File for Authentication
2-2    Sample Master Server named.conf File for Authentication
2-3    Sample Slave Server named.conf File for Authentication
A-1    Multiple Mounts in a Direct Map
A-2    Multiple Mounts and Shared Mounts in a Direct Map
A-3    Multiple Mounts, Shared Mounts, and Replicated File Systems in a Direct Map
A-4    Simple Indirect Map
A-5    Multiple Mounts in an Indirect Map
A-6    Multiple Mounts and Shared Mounts in an Indirect Map
A-7    Multiple Mounts, Shared Mounts, and Replicated File Systems in an Indirect Map
 
Figures
1-1    SysMan Menu
1-2    Quick Setup
1-3    Network Setup Wizard
1-4    Compaq Management Agents
2-1    Sample Small DNS Configuration
2-2    Sample Large DNS Configuration
2-3    DNS Setup Worksheet
3-1    NIS Configuration
3-2    NIS Setup Worksheet
4-1    NFS Setup Worksheet
5-1    Sample Simple UUCP Configuration
5-2    Sample UUCP Over TCP/IP Configuration
5-3    UUCP Setup Worksheet
5-4    UUCP Outgoing Systems Worksheet
5-5    UUCP Incoming Systems Worksheet
6-1    Sample NTP Configuration (Local Clock)
6-2    Sample NTP Configuration (Internet Source)
6-3    NTP Setup Worksheet
7-1    Sample Mail Standalone Configuration
7-2    Sample Mail Client/Server Configuration
7-3    Basic Mail Setup Worksheet
7-4    Mail Protocol Worksheet
7-5    POP Directory Structure
7-6    IMAP Directory Structure
7-7    Quota Roots
11-1    DNS Server Testing Worksheet
A-1    Sample automount Maps
 
Tables
3-1    NIS Map Information Commands
5-1    Options for uucpsetup Command
6-1    Options to the ntpq Command
6-2    Options to the xntpdc Command
7-1    POP3 Files and Directories
7-2    Configuration Directory Contents
7-3    Mailbox Directory Contents
9-1    Problem Solving Starting Points
D-1    ASSERT Error Messages
 
Index