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HP C++ User Documentation

 

HP C++

HP C++
Class Library Reference Manual


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Chapter 11
vector Package

The vector package provides ways to define vectors or stacks of objects of any type by using the macro expansion capability of the C++ preprocessor.

To declare a generic vector:

  1. Include the header <vector.hxx> in your program and declare the vector class as follows:


    declare(vector, TYPE) 
    

    TYPE may be any valid C++ type name. Make sure you define the declare macro in every file that references this new vector data type.
  2. Expand the implementation of all function bodies as follows:


    implement(vector, TYPE) 
    

    This implement macro must appear once in a program.
  3. Declare objects of type vector and TYPE and use the index operator to reference these objects. The following is an example of declaration and referencing:


    class MyType {/*...*/}; 
    declare(vector,MyType) 
    implement(vector,MyType) 
    vector(MyType) vec1(100), vec2(5); 
    MyType x,y; 
    //...
    if(vec2[4] == y) vec1[98] = x; 
    

The TYPE parameter must be an identifier. If it is not a class name, a fundamental type, or a type name, create a name for the type using a typedef declaration. For example:


 
typedef char *PCHAR; 
declare(vector, PCHAR) 
implement(vector, PCHAR) 
implement(vector, PCHAR) 
 
void f() 
{ 
    vector(PCHAR) ptrvec(10); 
    char *p = "Text"; 
 
    ptrvec[0] = p; 
    // ... 
}            

Thread Safety

The generation of error messages within the vector package is not thread safe; the package relies on static members to handle the current error message and there is no synchonization between threads. If this creates a problem for your application, HP recommends that you define a single Mutex object to synchronize all use of the vector package. For more information on synchronizing access to user-defined objects, see Chapter 6.


stack(TYPE) class

Provides a generic (parameterized) data abstraction for a fixed-sized stack of objects of some given type.

Header

#include <vector.hxx>

Alternative Header

#include <vector.h>


Compile-Time Parameter

TYPE---The type of the objects in the stack. It must be an identifier.

Declaration


class stack(TYPE): private vector(TYPE) 
{ 
public: 
                     stack(TYPE)(int); // objection size_error 
                     stack(TYPE)(stack(TYPE) &); 
 
    void             push(TYPE);       // objection overflow_error 
    TYPE             pop();            // objection underflow_error 
    TYPE             &top();           // objection no_top_error 
    int              full(); 
    int              empty(); 
    int              size(); 
    int              size_used(); 
 
    static Objection overflow_error; 
    static Objection underflow_error; 
    static Objection no_top_error; 
}; 

Description

This class provides a generic (parameterized) data abstraction for a fixed-sized stack of objects of some given type.

Before a stack object can be declared or implemented, the base class, a vector object with the same type parameter, must also be declared and implemented. To declare a stack object you need to both declare and implement the base vector class and the stack class.


Exception Handling

Exceptions are implemented with the Objection package. The initial action function for all objections prints an error message on cerr and calls abort() .

Constructors

stack(TYPE)(int size)

Constructs a stack object with room for size elements in the stack. If size is less than or equal to 0, the objection vector(TYPE)::size_error is raised.

stack(TYPE)(stack(TYPE) &src)

Constructs a stack object that takes the initial values of the elements from another stack object of the same type and size.

Member Data

The following objections are raised for the stack errors described.

static Objection no_top_error

Attempted to reference the top of an empty stack.

static Objection overflow_error

Attempted to push too many elements onto the stack.

static Objection underflow_error

Attempted to pop an empty stack.

Member Functions

int empty()

Returns TRUE if the stack is empty; otherwise, it returns FALSE .

int full()

Returns TRUE if the stack is full; otherwise, it returns FALSE .

TYPE pop()

Pops an element off the top of the stack. If the stack underflows, the objection stack(TYPE)::underflow_error is raised.

void push(TYPE new_elem)

Pushes an element onto the stack. If the stack overflows, the objection stack(TYPE)::overflow_error is raised.

int size()

Returns the maximum number of elements in the stack.

int size_used()

Returns the number of elements currently used in a generic stack.

TYPE &top()

Returns a reference to the element on the top of the stack. If the stack is empty, the objection stack(TYPE)::no_top_error is raised.

Example


declare(vector, int) 
implement(vector, int) 
declare(stack, int) 
implement(stack, int) 
 
void f() 
{ 
    stack(int) st(20); 
    st.push(17); 
    // ... 
} 
      

This example shows the four steps required to declare and implement the base vector class and to declare and implement the stack class.


See Also

Objection Package
generic Package
vector(TYPE) class

vector(TYPE) class

Provides the (parameterized) data abstraction for a fixed-sized vector of objects of some given type.

Header

#include <vector.hxx>

Alternative Header

#include <vector.h>


Compile-Time Parameter

TYPE---The type of the objects in the vector. It must be an identifier.

Declaration


class vector(TYPE) 
{ 
public: 
                     // objection size_error 
                     vector(TYPE)(int);  
                     vector(TYPE)(vector(TYPE) &); 
                     ~vector(TYPE)(); 
                     // objection copy_size_error 
    vector(TYPE)     &operator=(vector(TYPE) &);  
    TYPE             &elem(int); 
                     // objection index_error 
    TYPE             &operator[](int);  
    int              size(); 
    void             set_size(int); 
 
    static Objection size_error; 
    static Objection copy_size_error; 
    static Objection index_error; 
}; 

Description

This class provides the (parameterized) data abstraction for a fixed-sized vector of objects of some given type.

Exception Handling

Exceptions are implemented with the Objection package. The initial action function for all objections prints an error message on cerr and calls abort() .

Constructors and Destructors

vector(TYPE)(int new_size)

Constructs a vector object with the integer argument representing the number of elements in the vector. If the number of elements is less than or equal to 0, the objection vector(TYPE)::size_error is raised.

vector(TYPE)(vector(TYPE) &src)

Constructs a vector object that takes initial values of the elements from another vector object of the same type and size.

~vector(TYPE)()

Deletes a vector object.

Member Data

The following objections are raised for the vector errors described.

static Objection copy_size_error

Attempted to assign a vector to another vector that has a different number of elements.

static Objection index_error

Attempted to reference a vector element with a subscript out of range.

static Objection size_error

Attempted to create a vector with less than one element in it.

Overloaded Operators

vector(TYPE) &operator = (vector(TYPE) &src)

Assigns a vector to another vector. If the sizes of the vectors are different, the objection vector(TYPE)::copy_size_error is raised.

TYPE &operator [] (int i)

Returns a reference to the ith element in the vector. The value of i has a range from 0 to size() --1. If the subscript is out of bounds, the objection vector(TYPE)::index_error is raised.

Other Member Functions

TYPE &elem(int i)

Behaves like operator [] but without bounds checking.

void set_size(int new_size)

Changes the size of the vector.

int size()

Returns the number of elements in the vector.

See Also

Objection Package
generic Package


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